In the present moment we authentically exist. If we are fully present in the moment, then there is no attachment to the past or the future. When we want to think about the past or the future, we can make a small experiment and sit in front of the mirror for a moment. While we think about the painful things that happened in the past or start to worry about the future, our face changes. We can notice the tension in our facial muscles around our eyes and wrinkles on our forehead.
But, when we are aware of the present moment, the thoughts about the past and the future vanish away. Our face changes, too. Its expression corresponds to the current situation were in. We dont feel trapped in the claws of non-existing past and unpredictable future. We embrace the situation as it is. We respond to whatever comes to us on time. We go hand in hand with our life. We smile together at all its absurdities. All surprises and challenges become the integral parts of our being which consistently grow at every moment. All our energy is not dispersed into multiple directions. Instead of it, it is directed to our expansion, happiness and growth.
Following Our Sharp Inner Sight
When we are in presence, we perceive other people with a keen and quick insight. We dont think about what our next step or response should look like. Too much thinking can only block our natural response and intuition. We wont pay attention to what other people wear or what are their titles, but what they really are.
Getting Into The Zone
If we are fully absorbed in some sort of a sport activity, resolving a problem or creating a new thing, then there is no space left for doubt, fear and worry. Here, all our body, mind, soul and spirit are fully soaked in here and now. We and our sport activity, problem we face or a new creation only exist and nothing else. Time, speed and space are irrelevant. The results and outcome do not exist in our mind, too. Also, there is no overanalysis of the details. In this way, our performance gets much better and we feel such a joy and lightness in every move we make. This clarity of mind can also be achieved when you meditate.
The Present Heals
If we are aware of our body-mind connection in here and now, we get the insight into the pain we may feel. We find its cause and how to release it from our body and mind. We are self-healers and we rely on our wisdom.
When a person gets into an accident, more often than not, he will walk away with terrible injuries. The most severe of these injuries are those that affect the head. Because the head houses the brain, any damage to it and the spinal cord could permanently disable a person forever. Some injuries manifest themselves right away, but the dangerous ones are those that manifest months after the accident. To prevent this and to afford the medical treatment, victims of an accident will usually go and look for brain damage personal injury lawyers.
These types of lawyers are the best to call when an accident leaves a person with a head, brain, or spinal cord injury. Brain Injury Compensation Lawyers will even give the victims advice on how to identify if their head injury is more dangerous than what is initially thought and give them the legal advice necessary so that they can take action and file a compensation claim.
Head Injury Symptoms
After the initial consultation, the lawyer will tell his client what to watch out for in the following weeks. If any of these symptoms manifest, then the head injury should be treated immediately.
Headaches that get worse and do not go away after taking a painkiller
Speaking problems or confusion
Loss of control over a limb
Problems pertaining to vision (vision could be blurred, darkening of vision, etc.)
Blood or clear fluid leaking from the nose
Even if these symptoms are not yet manifesting, a person should take care not to smoke, drink, do drugs, or take any medication that is not prescribed by the doctor, and play any sort of contact sport. He should also make sure that someone is with him until the treatments are complete so that their companion could watch out for him.
Depending on the victims type of insurance, then he doesn't have much to worry about regarding paying for his own medical bills. However, an insurance may not cover for the expenses for injuries that manifest themselves later rather than sooner. When filing a claim or when a claim is ongoing, however, the victims insurance should be able to cover the medical treatment costs.
Areas of Expertise
Brain Injury Compensation Lawyers are not really doctors, but they know enough about the brain, head, and spinal cord to give sound advice to their clients. Each law firm has their own areas of expertise, extending to the firms lawyers. So when a person comes into the law firm with a head injury and knows the type of injury he has (be it for the brain, head, or spine), then he should look for the lawyer who has an area of expertise in that type of injury. The initial consultation is usually free, as is the legal advice and the medical advice that a person should heed.
For more information or to get in touch with a law firm that specializes in head injuries, a person can do a quick search on the internet or ask his friends or family members. Many are willing to do a phone conversation, visit the person in the hospital, or even schedule a consultation online!
Expert pain management doctor, Bryan and College Station Chiropractor Dr. David Bailey is a Board Certified Chiropractic Orthopedist and the author of this article.
With age people tend to complain more about aches and pains in their joints, and see that their motion is reduced making normal activity more difficult and challenging than in their younger years.
The problem can get so bad that people think that their bones are going bad. However the genuine cause of tightness and pain lies not in the joints or bones, based on research at the Johns Hopkins Medical School, however in the soft tissues that join the bones together.
The reduced and more difficult motion creates inflammation and pain, and creates a bad cycle that if left to itself, will impair one's life.
Range of motion is the term for how far a joint can move, either with voluntary movement or with passive movement, meaning movement of the joint without using muscle power to move it. the greater the range of motion in normal situations, the healthier is the joint.
If you bend onward at the hips and touch your toes with your fingertips, you have great flexibility, or range of motion of the hip joints. But can you bend over effortlessly with a very little expense of power as well as pressure? The physical effort required to flex a joint is equally as important as its variety of possible movement.
Different elements limit the versatility as well as ease of activity in various joints and muscular tissues. In the elbow as well as knee, the bony structure itself establishes a definite linitation. In various other joints, such as the ankle, hip, and also back, the soft tissue-- muscle as well as connective tissue-- restrict the movement possibilities.
Thus, if people do not regularly move their muscles as well as joints through their complete range of movement, they lose some of their potential. That is why when these people will attempt to move a joint after a long period of lack of exercise, they feel discomfort, which discourages additional use
What occurs following is that the muscle mass end up being minimized with extended disuse and also produces contractions and also pains that can be irritating as well as extremely agonizing. The immobilization of muscle mass, as researchers have actually demonstrated with laboratory animals, causes biochemical changes in the cells.
Nonetheless, various other aspects cause aching muscles. Here are several of them:
1. Too Aggressive And Prolonged Exercise
Have you always believed in the saying, No pain, no gain? If you do, then, it is not so surprising if you have already experienced sore muscles.
The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they ache, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.
2. Aging and inactivity
Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.
Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the bodys reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.
First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lower back.
4. Spasm theory
In the medical physiology laboratory at the University of Southern California, experts have set out to learn more about this cycle of pain and restriction.
Using precise medical instruments, they measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed show considerable activity.
In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.
In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.
These experiments led to the spasm theory, an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.
According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in a strange position becomes fatigued and as a result, sore muscles.
Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. Take your workout slowly at first to avoid injury. Increase the intensity step by step and get supervsion from an expert. This will make it less likely to suffer injury.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.
Sustaining an injury to the brain is a very devastating experience for everyone involved. When your life is changed in this way due to the negligence of another, it makes sense for you to want your day in court. You can find high-quality brain injury compensation lawyers and avoid those who are unqualified by following this advice.
Check With The Local Bar Association
If you contact the bar association in your area, they will be more than happy to direct you to a qualified attorney. Since they are not paid by the lawyer for their referral, you will not have to worry about any special interests being a factor. Make sure that you let them know the nature of the case at hand and they will find you someone who is competent enough to take on this type of case.
Ensure That Brain Injuries Are Their Specialty
Just because a lawyer is skilled when it comes to personal injury cases, this does not mean that they know anything about this type of trauma. There are many things that make brain injury cases more complicated, and it is important that you hire someone who understands this and is willing to give it their all.
Avoid Those With Flashy Commercials
Many people do not realize this, but a well-made, flashy commercial is not a guarantee that an attorney is worth the time or money. They believe that this signals the fact that the attorney is successful and popular, but sometimes the opposite is true. Word-of-mouth is actually the way that most people find talented attorneys. The fact that an ad has to be placed often means that the firm is not doing as well as they should be and they are grasping at straws.
Inquire About Win/Loss Ratios
You should always ask brain injury compensation lawyers you speak with about their win-loss ratio. It is not enough for you to ask how many cases they handled; you should be perfectly clear about the number of times they prevailed. The last thing you want is to hire a lawyer because they have been involved with 150 brain injury cases, then you find out that they have only won about 75 of those cases. While they don't need to have a spotless record, you should aim to be as close to it as possible.
You should also make it a point to verify whether or not the information is true. The best way to achieve this would be to ask about some of the cases where they had a positive result. You can also look up their history online to get an idea of who you are working with.
Finding a qualified lawyer is the only way that your brain injury case will have the kind of outcome you desire. Use all of the advice here if you want to find someone who is skillful enough to handle your case and dedicated enough to give it their all.
Many things can cause a traumatic brain injury. Most instances are because of vehicular accidents, workplace accidents or negligence by doctors. As a result, the victim may end up in a vegetative state, in a coma or require long-term care for the rest of his/her life. Of course, the medical expenses are bound to build-up with time creating a significant financial burden for all the family members.
The insurance company will offer to pay compensation, but there is no accurate way of estimating the total amount required. Therefore, youre likely to receive less than expected. On the other hand, the insurance company will try everything possible to make sure there is no payout whatsoever. In any of these circumstances, you need to hire the best brain injury solicitors.
If you pursue the legal course, you need professional advice from the best brain injury solicitors. It's prudent to do lots of research to find the best attorney for your case. If you are looking for a brain injury lawyer, here are some of the attributes you should check.
The attorney needs to be passionate about the case. Lots of personal injury lawyers are always interested in the payout at the end of the case and fail to show passion for the case or grief for the victim. You need to hire an attorney who goes to the trenches for you because he/she feels the gross injustice done to you by the insurance company. A passionate attorney will not be interested in the payout but the outcome of the case.
Secondly, if you are hiring a personal injury attorney, you need to look for someone who is very experienced in brain injury cases. There is bound to be lots of medical jargon being thrown around by expert witnesses. If the attorney isn't able to explain everything to you, he/she might actually misjudge the progress of the case resulting in a drastic loss. Brain injury cases are actually quite common, and it's very easy to find a solicitor with enough experience to handle your case.
Next, you need to find an attorney with excellent communication skills. As mentioned above, there is bound to be lots of medical and legal jargon throughout the case. If you are completely clueless about the case, your attorney should explain everything to you. He/she should be able to simplify the terms of the case allowing you to participate. An attorney with excellent communication skills should also write legible legal documents about the case effortlessly.
Finally, you need to look for a reputable and affordable attorney. A good brain injury solicitor should have won a few cases throughout his/her career. Most insurance companies keep records of personal injury attorneys. If a particular attorney has battled with the company a few times and won the cases, it's a guarantee that the insurance company will pay the compensation amount to avoid lengthy court proceedings. If you need to win your case, you need to partner up with the most reputable brain injury solicitor.
Enhanced focus, sharp memory and elated energy levels always help you achieve great heights in life. You cannot survive in this fiercely competitive world without these qualities and that is exactly why many people are searching for top quality supplements that improve their focus, memory and energy levels. Alpha brain can be described as a highly popular focus-enhancing nootropic available in the market and this product is manufactured by a well known supplement company known as Onnit. It is a well known fact that if you want to know the true quality of a product, you have to read reviews that are unbiased and objective and, such a method of approach always helps you take the best decision. What does a alpha brain onnit review at einsteinsfocus.com say?
How does Alpha Brain work?
Your brain needs vital nutrients and oxygen to perform at an optimal level. Alpha Brain is a stack (a balanced combination of different vitamins and minerals) that creates the ideal environment for peak mental performance and a proprietary formula (Alpha GPC) can always be associated with this fully balanced nootropic. Choline is a very vital component that ensures proper growth and early development and in adults, it ensures the optimal functioning of the brain and liver. Human body produces choline naturally but you also need it from external sources like foods and supplements as well. Alpha Brain contains Choline and Vinpocetine and, these compounds increase blood flow to your brain and improve the brain health in the best possible manner.
This nootropic stack also contains Huperzine that prevents the breakdown of acetylcholine, (works as a neurotransmitter in the brain) with utmost efficiency and other major ingredients available in this nootropic include AC-11 (DNA repair antioxidant), Phosphatidylserine (essential lipid compound), Bacopa (brain enhancing nutrient), Pterostilbene (powerful micronutrient and antioxidant), L-Tyrosine ( an amino acid that produces Dopamine), L-Theanine (an essential amino acid) Oat Straw (natural anti-stress nutrient) and Vitamin B6 as well. The bottom line is that all these ingredients help you keep your brain health at an optimal level.
The leading benefits
All impartial reviews clearly suggest that Alpha Brain offers a wide range of benefits and they include improved memory, good learning ability, better sleep, improved focus and cognitive ability, elated energy levels, increased concentration and many more.
The opinions of the existing customers can make or break the reputation of a product and the ever increasing positive responses of the existing users of Alpha Brain suggest that it offers unlimited benefits for the users. This nootropic stack has managed to live up to the expectations of the users in the best possible manner and each unbiased Alpha Brain review clearly reasserts this opinion without a shadow of doubt as well.
In my experience, chronic illness including fatigue is no condition to be in. Many suffer for years, going from one doctor to another in search for relief. Relief is elusive, and to make matters worse, a large number of physicians just think it is not a real condition. Just giving their patients drug upon drug, setting up an endless cycle.
Consider for a moment what would certainly occur to all the big pharmaceutical as well as food companies revenues if 80 percent of people quit buying their medications and also highly processed foods. What would happen if they had discovered a method to recover their health and also stay healthy and balanced. They wouldn't need their drugs or fake foods!
Think of the last time you sat down to enjoy a TV program? Chances are you saw a pharmaceutical service promoting a brand-new wonder drug (along with several negative effects) to make you feel better and all you had to do was go ask your medical professional for a prescription!
Just what's wrong with this picture? Drug companies (Big Pharma) are asking us to see a doctor to purchase their items? The advertising and marketing works too, as these are very profitable drugs. But many are waking up to the idea that these drugs are ofteen pushed out without proper testing, as indicated by the long list of recalled drugs. These are the same drugs that the government and Big Pharma were safe and effective, but just look and the devastation these caused in many lives.
While is is true that there are some amazing medicines readily available today that provide amazing advantages to certain individuals needing important life support treatment. That tiny portion of the population who is going through life saving operations, suffering from major congenital diseases or battling harmful illness or injury. Modern drugs in this instance can be life savers.
But chronic illness is on the rise, faster than the polulation is increasing. Why is that?
Think how Big Agriculture, Big Pharma, and Big Medicine have a nice little Sickness Industrial Complex going, aided and abetted by the government.
Government gives billions in price support to Big Ag to create and abundant supply of cheap food, especially for grains and meat. These are stripped of the vitamins and chemicals are added to increase the shelf life, shipping ability, and taste to create food people crave. Craving allows for brain damage and overeating behavior. This causes chronic illnesses like diabetes, heart disease, and even cancer. This is where Big Pharma comes in. Big bucks here treating chronic illness.
And people get brain-washed into thinking they are being cared for!
Something Has To Change
Take your health into your own hands. Find a functional medicine chiropractor in College Station or Bryan Texas to healp guide you through the maze, to reach a place you can know how to recover your own health.
Through the right food, and the right supplements, you can live healthy and stay out of the Sickness Industrial Complex.
DISCLAIMER: Nothing in this article is intended to be used as a substitute for advice of a physician. Do not modify your diet, exercises, or medications without first seeking the advice of a physician. Information on this site is for information purposes only. No claims have been approved by the FDA unless otherwise indicated.
Not all facilities that offer assisted living, Scottsdale area are the same. Some of them offer activities and services that other facilities do not. Here are the most common services offered by assisted living facilities that you should look out for.
1. 3 meals a day The most basic service offered by facilities specializing in assisted living, Scottsdale, is of course the meals. They usually offer 3 meals a day with the option to add snacks in between. These meals should fit the dietary constraints of the resident. If the resident is diabetic, the meals should not be laden with sugary foods. If the patient has a case of high blood pressure, meals will also be limited to the foods that the doctor had prescribed.
2. Assistance with personal hygiene assisted living, Scottsdale has a staff that will help your loved one bathe, brush their teeth, get dressed, and make sure that they are always presentable. This is also a daily activity done by the staff along with feeding the residents.
3. Housekeeping services As your loved ones age, they have less strength and energy to clean their surroundings. The facilities offering assisted living, Scottsdale should provide daily housekeeping services so that your loved ones space remains clean and orderly.
4. Medical facilities The residents in a facility specializing in assisted living, Scottsdale should have access to medicine, immediate care, and other health and medical services during their stay. The facility should have a resident nurse, doctor, and an adequate space to cure minor medical emergency if needed.
5. Transportation If your loved one needs to see a doctor during their stay the facility specializing in assisted living Scottsdale should have adequate transportation to bring them to and from the doctors office. They should also have transportation ready for emergencies as well.
6. Wellness programs Most assisted living facilities in Scottsdale have wellness programs designed to make sure that their residents get enough exercise and a proper balanced diet. They should be able to cater to vegetarians, and other special diets of their residents. They should also have areas that can cater to the type of exercise that the residents need like a gym or an open ground for walking and the likes.
7. Recreational activities To make sure that the residents are happy and occupied the assisted living facility should have social and recreational activities that are suited for the ages of the residents. This ensures that the residents do not get bored or waste away as they do nothing interesting.
Cordyceps Sinensis is a very potent herb that has been used in China very successfully for the past 2,000 to 3,000 years. Although medicine in the west has not always embraced "folk medicine", recent studies on Cordyceps Sinensis has shown some amazing results, and these results have had a remarkable interest all over the world.
Cordyceps is actually a fungus that is found on certain species of caterpillars, and it can scraped off in minute amounts, and then it is duplicated in the laboratory to make supplements.
These supplements are showing a rising popularity as they are used from everything from a morning pep pill, to cancer cures, and many other amazing uses of the Cordyceps Sinensis, as it is used and studied, more and more people are becoming aware of it.
Some of the results of tests and studies show that the substance increases stamina, energy and reduces fatigue and stress. It is particularly helpful in the treatment of heart disease, and the prevention of heart problems. It has been shown to actually strengthen our muscles by adding muscle fiber.
The heart is a muscle that beats constantly all of our lives, and when it quits beating, we die. Can you imagine flexing your bicep once every 2 seconds on a constant basis. In actual practice, you would not be able to last the day, yet your heart just keeps beating on and on.
In Chinese medical practice, Cordyceps Sinensis is classified as a tonic which nourishes the body and strengthens all of the bodily functions. For years the substance has been given as an overall "cure-all" because it caused the patient to feel more vital, have better strength and stamina, and just gave a person a better feeling about things.
After substantial study, it has been found the it strengthens the heart muscle to the degree that it beats more regularly with more authority.
Some of the factors that contribute to Cordyceps Sinensis strengthening the heart includes a maximization of the intake of oxygen. Oxygen comes into our bodies through our lungs. As the oxygen enters our lungs, it passes through small sacs located near passing blood capillaries where the oxygen is transferred into red blood cells. It has been shown that the Cordyceps Sinensis enhances this process.
Overall, the substance strengthens the muscles, and that includes the heart, staving off congestive heart failure, or a chronic weakening of the heart muscle itself.
Cordyceps Sinensis also has a relaxing effect on smooth muscle tissue, which is what the heart is, and because of this factor, the blood flow to the heart muscle is increased and more oxygen reaches the heart muscle in this way.
Cordyceps Sinensis also has a great antioxidant ability, and it also protects against abeta-induced neuronal cell death, which can affect the heart.
Cordyceps Sinensis is very helpful in getting rid of excess fluid in the body, which can occur when congestive heart failure occurs. As fluid is taken out of the body, the heart does not have to work so hard.
As far as being healthy for the human heart, Cordyceps Sinensis is a wonderful help in that area.
There are normally some important actions that you need to do
whenever you refrain from cigarette smoking. You would need to get rid
of all cigarettes, get away from bench scene, and stay clear of people
that smoke. Those three actions do not solely assist folks out with
quitting smoking, they more importantly bring various other additional
benefits to life. Quitting cigarette smoking is something that has made
numerous people near and much really feel far better regarding
Is Quitting Smoking Right For You?
Some people get away from the bar scene while they intend to
There are also much more advantages of quitting smoking as
well as the top one is that it can supply you a sensation of pride as
well as success. Quitting smoking requires one to be smart, thrifty as
well as diligent. Individuals who have already quit smoking comprehend
how much commitment is called for. You require to hearken your inner
voice, which would certainly lead you with the actions to quitting
You have currently categorized yourself as a wise as well as
thrifty kind of person. Every diligent self-starter is classically
furnished to quit smoking.
There are much more benefits of quitting smoking as well as
the leading one is that it can offer you a feeling of satisfaction as
well as success. Quitting cigarette smoking is a life-changing
activity. Quitting smoking is something that would frequently remind
you of your dedication as well as offer you a feeling of fulfillment
for simply attempting this activity.
There are indisputable benefits to quitting smoking. It is not
most likely as very easy as it looks. There could be particular
constraints that you potentially need to overcome, like the financial
investment of time vital to plan. You need to provide yourself a
duration that fits one's personal demands, as well as make a full
dedication. Do not planning to plan in little bits as well as pieces.
Dedication paired with honest effort should finally a lot better
position you to obtain much healthier.
Quitting smoking is a task where any person can constantly
better themselves with the duration of preparation. Even though
training can be up to a duration that matches one's individual demands,
it means that you might more than likely need to educate constantly for
a regard to time. Quitting smoking might make you come to be more
powerful and much better geared up for your day-to-day difficulties.
People who choose to quit smoking are really steadfast. There
are numerous points in life that could not be faked. You could not
artificial a work evaluation, or the outcome of finals in school.
Similarly, you could not artificial quitting smoking. You simply could
not quit smoking without some planning. Stopping cigarette smoking
involves one to be steadfast and clever. This involves a duration that
matches one's personal needs of training vigilantly.
As quickly as you are preparing your lifestyle to quit
smoking, make certain that you do not quit exercising consistently. Do
not try to give up on your diet. Preparation includes time and also it
need to not be rushed. By hurrying with the period of preparation, you
would certainly not absolutely be training and also it can be assumed
that you fabricated your efforts with the steps. Doing it all the
proper method would certainly permit you to have long life with your
Everyone has dealt with anxiety at least one time in their lives. After all, who hasn't felt anxious in the face of something big, something daunting, something stressful, or something important? However, there will come a time when anxiety is something that you can no longer consider as normal at all.
When anxiety and its symptoms refuse to go away or are starting to prevent a person from making the most out of his life, it's possible that he is already suffering from a disorder. Learn more about anxiety disorder and other information regarding it, such as causes, symptoms and treatment.
What is Anxiety Disorder?
An anxiety disorder is a classification of mental disorder that is characterized by feelings of fear or worry. These feelings of fear and worry are often triggered by present events or thoughts of the future. Such events may cause symptoms and may even prevent a person from doing the things they should do.
This category can be further split into different classifications depending on the type of symptoms manifested or underlying causes of attacks. However, all of these classifications include symptoms of anxiety. Generally manifesting itself as early as during childhood, it's estimated that 10-20% of the population are suffering from anxiety disorder.
The Classes of Anxiety Disorders
This is characterized by having sudden attacks of fear and panic. Often happening without warning, this can occur repeatedly and leave the person in a state of shock. Symptoms can manifest immediately and when the patient least expects it.
This is characterized by fear and worry about anything that involves contact with other people. While this anxiety may be caused by different factors, it is often triggered by the fear of being judged, embarrassed, or ridiculed by others.
A phobia is defined as an extreme fear of a specific object or situation. A phobia can be differentiated from a normal fear by how it's manifested. A phobia may show a level of fear that's inappropriate for the situation and cause them to avoid otherwise normal situations.
Generalized anxiety disorder
This is a chronic disorder that is characterized by long-lasting anxiety that is not focused to any specific object or situation. They experience generalized fear and worry, and this affects their everyday dealings, from how they interact with people to how they sleep.
Causes of anxiety disorders
While the exact cause for such disorders is still unknown, it is currently seen as the result of a combination of factors. Change in the structure and function of the brain is seen as the main causative agent for this disease, just like in many forms of mental disease. Exposure to excessive stress is seen to cause changes in nerve cell circuitry, which triggers adverse reactions such as fear. Also, some people may show alterations in brain regions that link strong emotions towards specific memories.
Last but not the least, it is hypothesized that some genetic factors may trigger anxiety disorders, meaning inheritance of anxiety disorders could be possible.
Symptoms of anxiety disorders
The symptoms experience by patients with anxiety disorders may vary. However, there are general symptoms that are observed in almost all people with such mental conditions.
An overpowering feeling of fear, panic and uneasiness may be felt, especially when they are facing the main causative factor of the illness. They may also experience physical and physiologic symptoms such as heart palpitations, nausea and muscle tension. They may also have sleeping problems and may also be in a constant state of tension. In some situations, the symptoms may become so severe that the person suffering is required to be hospitalized.
Treatment for anxiety disorders
There are different ways to treat anxiety disorders. The first step is to first diagnose the kind of disorder the patient is experiencing. Once identified, a specific treatment plan is created for him. Psychotherapy, a scientific form of counseling, is one of the most effective first-line treatments for this condition. Cognitive-behavior therapy relieves anxiety by replacing negative thought patterns into better and more productive ones.
As a form of last-resort treatment and as management for advanced cases of anxiety disorders and symptoms, medications may be prescribed for the patient in conjunction with other therapeutic methods.
Watching TV, you'd think the whole country is addicted to something: drugs, food, gambling — even sex or shopping.
"The United States has elevated addiction to a national icon. It's our symbol, it's our excuse," says Stanton Peele, author of The Diseasing of America.
There are conflicting views about addiction and popular treatments. So, we talked with researchers, psychologists and "addicts" and asked them: Is addiction a choice?
Publicity about addiction suggests it is a disease so powerful that addicts no longer have free will. Lawyers have already used this "addict-is-helpless" argument to win billions from tobacco companies.
Blaming others for our "addictions" is popular today.
In Canada, some lawyers are suing the government, saying it is responsible for getting people addicted to video slot machines.
Jean Brochu says he was unable to resist the slot machines — that he was "sick." He says the government made him sick, and his sickness led him to embezzle $50,000. Now, he's suing the government to restore his dignity and pay his therapy bills.
Psychologist Jeff Schaler, author of Addiction Is a Choice, argues that people have more control over their behavior than they think.
"Addiction is a behavior and all behaviors are choices," Schaler says. "What's next, are we going to blame fast-food restaurants for the foods that they sell based on the marketing, because the person got addicted to hamburgers and french fries?"
Well, yes, actually. Two weeks after he said that some children sued McDonald's, claiming the fast-food chain made them obese. They lost the first round in court, but they're trying again.
"Impulse control disorder" is the excuse Rosemary Heinen's lawyer used to explain Heinen's shopping. Heinen was a corporate manager at Starbucks who embezzled $3.7 million, which she then used to buy 32 cars, diamonds, gold, Rolex watches, three grand pianos, and hundreds of Barbie dolls.
In court a psychiatrist testified Heinen was unable to obey the law, and shouldn't be given the seven-year prison sentence she was facing. The judge, however, did put Heinen behind bars, sentencing her to 48 months.
The "helplessly addicted" defense seemed to work better for the Canadian gambler. The judge gave Brochu probation and told him to see a psychologist. His mother paid back the $50,000 he stole.
Now Brochu and his lawyer are seeking $700 million on behalf of all addicted gamblers in Quebec, claiming the government is responsible for getting them addicted, too.
Calling Addiction a Disease
Many scientists say addicts have literally lost control, and that they suffer from a disease.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse calls drug addiction a "disease that will waste your brain." This is our government's official policy. And government-funded researchers, like Stephen Dewey of Brookhaven National Labs, tend to agree.
They say their studies of addiction in monkeys and rats show that addiction is a brain disease.
"Addiction is a disease that's characterized by a loss of control," says Dewey.
Dewey takes his message to schools, showing kids brain scans that he says prove his point. He tells students that addiction causes chemical changes that hijack your brain.
Dewey and other researchers say our genes predispose some of us to addiction and loss of control.
Researchers at Harvard University believe they may have found one of those genes in the zebrafish.
When researcher Tristan Darland put cocaine on a pad and stuck it on one side of a fish tank, fish liked the feeling they got so much that they hung around the area, even after the cocaine was removed.
Then Darland bred a family of fish that had one gene altered. These fish resisted the lure of the cocaine.
Darland says this shows that addiction is largely genetic. "These fish don't know anything about peer pressure. They either respond or they don't respond to the drug," he says.
At the Medical College of Wisconsin, Dr. Robert Risinger scans the brains of human addicts while they watch a video of people getting high on crack. It's what they call a "craving" video. He then shows them a hard-core sex film.
The brain scans show the addicts get more excited by the craving videos. The drugs become more powerful than sex — because addiction's a disease that changes your brain, says Dewey.
I asked Dewey if he was suggesting that drug users don't have free will.
"That's correct," he said. "They actually lose their free will. It becomes so overwhelming."
But if they don't have free will, how come so many people successfully quit?
Is the Disease Message Harmful?
Addiction expert Sally Satel acknowledges drug addiction and withdrawal is "certainly a very intense biological process." But she is one of many experts who say the addiction-as-brain-disease theory is harmful to addicts — and wrong.
She also thinks it's unhelpful to take away the stigma associated with drug abuse. "Why would you want to take the stigma away?" she asks. "I can't think of anything more worthwhile to stigmatize."
"People need to get rid of the idea that addiction is caused by anything other than themselves," says James Frey, author of A Million Little Pieces, a book about his experience as an addict.
Frey says he took just about every drug, from alcohol to crack. Yet Frey says he wasn't powerless. He scoffs at Dewey's claim that addicts' brains compel them to keep taking drugs.
Many doctors agree, saying you can still choose not to take drugs, even if they do cause changes in your brain.
"You can look at brains all day," Satel says. "They can be lit up like Christmas trees. But unless a person behaves in a certain way, we wouldn't call them an addict."
Environment and Choice
In fact, some researchers cite experiments that they say prove that addiction is a matter of choice.
In Canada, researchers gave rats held in two different environments a choice between morphine and water. The rats in cages chose morphine; the rats held in a nicer environment preferred the water.
Whether you get addicted also depends on how you're treated. At Wake Forest University, male monkeys lived together for three months, and established a pecking order.
The monkeys who'd been bullied by the "boss monkeys" banged a lever to get as much cocaine as they could. But the dominant monkeys, just by virtue of being dominant, had less interest in the drug.
"It's just like the human world," says Dr. Michael Nader, who conducted the experiment.
"Individuals that have no control in their job show a greater propensity for substance abuse than those that have control," Nader says.
These comparisons suggest that addiction is a choice — not a disease that takes away free will.
The message from the treatment industry is that drug users need professional help to quit. What they seldom say is that people are quitting bad habits all the time without professional help.
In fact, some studies suggest most addicts who recover do so without professional help.
For example, during the Vietnam War, thousands of soldiers became addicted to heroin.
The government tracked hundreds of soldiers for three years after they returned home. They found 88 percent of those addicted to narcotics in Vietnam no longer were.
Quitting Is the Rule, Not the Exception
Even tobacco companies now admit nicotine is addictive, but does that mean it really denies smokers' freedom?
You seldom hear about those people who just quit … on their own. No one's saying it's easy to quit. But it may surprise you that quitting is not the exception, it's the rule. Most people who've used heroin or cocaine have quit. Since 60 percent of smokers have quit — that's 50 million Americans — it seems obvious that people do have free will.
But the drug research establishment insists most addicts are enslaved, that they don't have free will.
Dewey says just because 50 million people have quit smoking doesn't mean that an addiction to smoking isn't a disease.
Yes, it does, says Schaler. Schaler also says the use of the word "disease" is important, particularly in terms of the money "addicts" are spending to get help. "If you say it's a choice not a disease, well then insurance companies may not reimburse for that. … If you say it's a choice, then the tobacco companies may not be slammed for millions of dollars."
Some experts say the treatment industry is taking advantage of people in desperate situations.
"We're selling nicotine patches, we're selling the Betty Ford Center. We tell people, 'You can never get over an addiction on your own. You have to come to us and buy something to get over an addiction.' It's not true, and it's dangerous to tell them that," says Peele.
Former addict Frey agrees. His parents did pay for him to go to the expensive Hazeldon Treatment Center, but Frey says he didn't buy into the messages the center offered in counseling and therapy.
"I stopped because I have my own 12-step program and the first 11 steps don't mean [expletive] and the 12th is don't do it. And I didn't do it."
Frey and other former addicts say choosing is what it takes, making that decision.
"You can't tell people, 'This is all you're fault and there's nothing you can do about it,' " says Frey. "You have to tell them, 'This is all your fault and you can make it all better if you want to.' "
Frey says he still gets drunk. Now he just does it differently. "I get drunk on walking my dogs, I get drunk on, you know, kissing my wife. I get drunk on a good book. Getting drunk is just doing something that feels good."